Monday, July 28, 2014

"The suicide of civilized Europe"


Priest saying Mass for French troops near Champagne, 1915 AD

In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the start of the Great War, the Telegraph has been publishing many never before seen photographs like the one above.

Benedict XV, whose papacy started just after the War began, called it "the suicide of civilized Europe."  Certainly, the photographs depict a world which has not only disappeared but is almost unrecognizable to us.   Some photos, like this one, seem surreal.

Field Marshal Kitchener (2nd left), commander of English forces, 
meeting French General Albert Baratier (on horseback) 
as General Joffre, commander of French forces looks on, 1915 AD

Benedict called for a Christmas truce in 1914 but was ignored.  Benedict attempted to mediate peace in 1916 and again in 1917, but Germany rejected these efforts as "insulting," while Clemenceau called them anti-French.

By the time the Armistice took effect at 11:11 on November 11, 1918, 37 million civilians and soldiers had been killed or wounded.

Thursday, July 24, 2014

The Missionary and the Olympian

David Rudisha

When Kenyan David Rudisha won the gold medal for the 800 meter run at the 2012 London Olympics, he led from wire to wire in a world record setting display of speed which established Rudisha as perhaps the greatest 800 meter runner of all time.   From the time he first took up running in his teens, Rudisha has had only one coach: an Irish missionary brother named Colm O'Connell.  Rudisha and O'Connell's remarkable story is told in the BBC documentary above called "100 Seconds to Beat the World."

Ever since St. Paul, the Church has proposed athletes as models to those seeking to advance in the spiritual life.  From Rudisha's story, it's easy to see why.

Saturday, July 19, 2014

Hail, Nabor and Felix

Reliquary of Saints Nabor and Felix
Frederick Barbarossa kept these relics as a souvenir when he captured Milan in 1158 AD


 
Beloved yet uncanonized Nabors and Felix

According to the pre-1969 calendar (a topic I belabored here), July 12 is the feast of Saints Nabor and Felix.  Nabor and Felix were Moorish soldiers in the Roman Army who converted and were martyred in Milan during the persecution of Diocletian in 303 AD.  

The rules still permit a commemorative Mass to be celebrated for the feast unless an obligatory celebration takes precedence.  Next year I think I'll request this in my parish.  I expect the look I get in response will be somewhere between the bug-eyed Felix and the slack-jawed Nabors.

Thursday, July 17, 2014

Where can you read about "Brown Scapular Porter"?


 Anchor Brewhouse, San Francisco
Whose picture is on the far wall, and why?  Find out here.

 At Catholic Beer Drinkers.  They have lots of other interesting information about beer and Catholicism, too.   It's where I got the photo above.


Feasts, wine (or beer), and monks

Beatus festum, fratres!
Ecce quam bonum et quam iucúndum habitáre fratres in unum


"The memory of a saint is like music at a feast with wine, or beer if you prefer.”  That's the loose translation of Sirach 49:2 which Father Benedict Nivakoff, O.S.B used to begin a homily for the feast of St. Benedict at the Basilica of St. Benedict in Norsia last week.   I added the "or beer if you prefer" part.  It happens that the Benedictine monks of Norsia brew beer, and I'll bet it's very good.

 On the subject of feasts,  Fr. Nivakoff notes;

[T]he idea to have a feast day belongs to a deep level of Catholicism.  It means to put aside the rhythms of daily life to celebrate, without any sense of necessity or usefulness. But it is the very fact that a feast is not necessary or indispensable or useful from the vantage point of productivity that gives it its character of joy and makes it a true feast.


.... All oriented to God!  The life of the monk is like a life of a continuous festival, because while he eats, while he sleeps, while he works in the fields, while he makes beer, or while he is doing whatever else he does, he is working for a purpose, an end, that is not immediate and evident, but to honor and adore a God who seems to be always hidden!

A life of continuous festival sounds pretty good.  That may be one reason the monks need so much beer.

Fr. Nivakoff's full homily here.

h/t Rorate Caeli

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

If we have to start all over again,shouldn't we use the best possible music?

"The Miracle of the Mass"  Chapel of St. Martin, Assisi
Transcendental Affirmation par excellence


The English philosopher Roger Scruton (b 1944 AD) has noted that modern totalitarian societies are founded on "transcendental negation."  Marxists practice dialectical materialism, so they specifically exclude the transcendent, but all modern societies, (including our own)  are marked to some degree by this same affliction.   Its bleak materiality is one reason for the deep dissatisfactions of modern society, and explains why modern society contains so much ugliness.  The modern church, too, practices its own type of transcendental negation, as evidenced by, among other things, the "wreckovations" carried out in so many parishes since the 1960s, and the growing blight of concrete cube churches.  Few things say "transcendental negation" louder and clearer than a concrete cube church.

 Church of St. Paul the Apostle, Foligno Italy
A concrete lover's Taj Mahal

Augustinian Church, Wurzburg, built in 1266 AD
(freshly wreckovated, at a cost of 1.7 million euros)

And yet we are not driven to despair, since, as Scruton points out, the way to renew modern societies is very simple.  All we need to do is live the religious life, which involves seeking for the living God.   I suspect many of you are already doing this.   However, Scruton suggests that this work involves in addition the preservation of our memory of the spiritual way of life, and of the things which contain this memory.  The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation Dei Verbum (1965 AD) said much the same thing  when it declared "...what was handed on by the Apostles includes everything which contributes toward the holiness of life and increase in faith of the peoples of God; and so the Church, in her teaching, life and worship, perpetuates and hands on to all generations all that she herself is, all that she believes " (emphasis mine)  Among such containers of spiritual memory are the sacred music from the old Mass.  That is why the suppression and concealment of that music (and that sublime ceremony), which the Church ought instead to be perpetuating and handing on, is so tragic.

Here is the the full quotation from Scruton:

I agree with you that the high [European] culture in which I have always put my trust has been effectively destroyed by its own appointed guardians, and that without the religious core it persists only as a fragile shell. . . .  But this [renewal] means, as you say, rejecting the premise of modern life, that God is dead, and starting all over again, seeking for the living God, and hoping to be visited by his grace.  If people are prepared to live the religious life, then their example will once again make this course available to the mass of mankind, and there will be hope.  At the same time, we must constantly fight those who are trying to destroy the memory of the spiritual way of life, and assailing all those things in which that memory is contained.  In particular we should exercise our aesthetic choices in art devoted to the ideals of beauty and order, and refrain from the kind of desecration that has become the norm in modern art schools.  (Dominicana 55.2 [Winter 2012], 65

h/t New Liturgical Movement

RELATED:  Even Time Magazine right of center newsmagazines agree. 

Friday, July 11, 2014

Hail, St. Benedict, founder of Western Monasticism

"Surrounded by his disciples Benedict in prayer passes from earth to heaven,"  
11th century miniature, Monte Cassino


St. Benedict (c. 480 AD - 543 AD), from an aristocratic family in Umbria, went to Rome as a young man to study, but soon fled that corrupt and licentious city to seek God in deserted places.   Many people quit school for one reason or another, but St. Benedict's decision to drop out had unusually far-reaching effects.   For the rest of his life, St. Benedict lived in communities of men also seeking holiness, and out of this experience Benedict formulated his great Rule, which has provided the framework for most monastic communities in the Catholic church for 15 centuries.  Since the influence of monasticism upon the Church and Western culture has been immense, St. Benedict can be considered one of the chief architects of Christendom, that great civilization which flowered in Europe for many centuries, and eventually spread its influence across the globe.  In recognition of this, St. John Paul II declared Benedict co-patron of Europe (along with Saints Cyril and Methodius, which makes them the co-co-patrons of Europe) in 1980.

Chapter XX of Benedict's Rule - Of Reverence at Prayer:

If we do not venture to approach men who are in power, except with humility and reverence, when we wish to ask a favor, how much must we beseech the Lord God of all things with all humility and purity of devotion? And let us be assured that it is not in many words, but in the purity of heart and tears of compunction that we are heard. For this reason prayer ought to be short and pure, unless, perhaps it is lengthened by the inspiration of divine grace. At the community exercises, however, let the prayer always be short. . . .

St. Benedict's patronage is very extensive, and includes the following :
-Against poison
-Against witchcraft
-Agricultural workers
-Cavers
-Civil engineers
-Coppersmiths
-Dying people
-Erysipelas
-Europe
-Farmers
-Fever
-Gall stones
-Heerdt (Germany)
-Heraldry and Officers of arms
-the Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest
-Inflammatory diseases
-Italian architects
-Kidney disease
-Monks
-Nettle rash
-Norcia, (Italy)
-People in religious orders
-Schoolchildren
-Servants who have broken their master's belongings
-Speliologists
-Spelunkers
-Temptations


RELATED:  Benedictines v. Jesuits.   I'm with the Benedictines on this one.